As discussed already, many PSAT questions are based on understanding a sentence, a group of related words having a subject and verb that stands independently. Missing either the subject or the verb, or both, the group of words is not a sentence. Consider the following list of word groups and determine whether they are sentences. If they are a sentence, identify the subject and verb. If they are not a sentence, identify the missing part. Remember that a group of related words with a subject and a verb can also not be a sentence. When?
PSAT prep 4
Identify the following groups of words as a sentence (point out the subject and verb); or not a sentence (point out what is missing, or what is present, to make the group of words not a sentence):
Runs around the track.
Ali running around the track.
Fatima loves to read.
Reading is loved by Fatima.
If only every student would work in class and be quiet.
When it’s time to leave, I leave.
Writing all the reading logs and completing the assignments posted on the blog.
Continue reading “Us and Them,” taking notes on whether the narrator can be believed. Quote evidence from the text to support your observations. To complete the assignment, you will need to identify and explain four or five examples of how the narrator’s words are not believable.
Also, respond to PSAT preps #1, 2, 3, and 4. Complete on a document that will be submitted with the completion of #12.
Many PSAT questions are based on understanding a sentence, a group of related words having a subject and verb that stands independently. Missing either the subject or the verb, or both, the group of words is not a sentence. Also, having a subject and verb but not standing independently, the group of words is not a sentence. For example, “Walks to Mohamed’s house on Jonathan” is missing a subject. “Ali, an intelligent student attending Fordson High School” is missing a verb. And “When Ali, an intelligent student attending Fordson High School, walks to Mohamed’s house on Jonathan” is also not a sentence because the subordinating conjunction “when” makes the clause dependent.
Apply your understanding of a sentence to this question:
When Mr. Wojtys speaks about one of his favorite short stories “Flowers for Algernon” and likes to ask students questions about their understanding,
If Mr. Wojtys
Whenever Mr. Wojtys
When, if, and whenever are subordinating conjunctions making the entire group of words a subordinate clause. By eliminating the subordinate conjunctions, the clause becomes an independent clause with one subject, Mr. Wojtys, and two verbs, speaks and likes. Many students may not understand some of the terms here, phrase and clause. Before you complete this prep, you should come to an understanding of those two terms and others that you may not be sure of: for example subordinating and independent clause.
Now, put in your own words what you understand by this example question and explanation. Also write two examples, one of how to correctly and another of how to incorrectly use subordinating conjunctions.
Student Lunch Distribution will take place every Friday from 10:30 am to 1:00 pm at door number 16 on Bingham Street. Each student will receive breakfast and lunch for an entire week.
Also, the Mobile Food Pantry is open from 9:00 to 10:30 am in front of Lowrey Middle School for families in need of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole-grain and protein-rich foods, dairy products, and halal chicken.
Alanis foundation will be at the parking lot on Jonathon administering free flu shots as well.
The PSAT writing test is timed and in multiple-choice format. You will average less than a minute to answer a question. You will be scored on the number of correct answers, so answer the easier questions first. If you have time, try to answer the more difficult questions afterwards. Do not devote most of your time attempting to answer time-consuming questions. With minutes left at the end of the test, make sure you have answered all questions. Apply all the strategies, especially the process of elimination and reading questions first before reading the text.
Try answering today’s question, remembering the advice given in PSAT prep #1:.
Football, played on fields around the city, has always been popular in Dearborn.
which is played
that was played
The example in PSAT prep #1 was of an adjective, popular, modifying the subject playing. Today’s example is different in that the subject is modified by a participle, a verb used as an adjective, played. Participles can be present–playing, and past–played. The correct answer is a because the verb is passive: football is played by people. B is incorrect because playing is active: football is not playing; people play football. C and d violate the style rule of simplicity: use only necessary words to express an idea.
To make this lesson knowledge you can apply to your writing, in your own words restate what you have learned. Write an example sentence with a present participle and one with a past participle. Remember participles are verbs used as adjectives.
The PSAT will test your reading and writing skills. Prepare for the writing section by focusing on grammar and style, grammar being the established rules to follow in writing Standard English and style the usual, or widely accepted, way to write. Here is a helpful rule to remember. Read the example and come up with an example of your own.
Lesson 1 Style rule: use only necessary words to express and idea. This is the rule of simplicity.
Apply the rule here: Use only necessary words to express an idea
Playing football is popular, as some say, among boys at Lowrey Middle School,
really quite popular
The correct answer will have no unnecessary words. The correct answer is a matter of style, not grammar: b. popular. The other choices are incorrect because they violate the rule of simplicity. The additional words in choices a, c, and d add no more meaning to the word popular.
Do you find yourself using more words than necessary in writing? If not, great. When you see this type of question now, you will know the correct usage. This is rather easy. Or should I say only, “This is easy.”?
To help yourself remember this rule, compose a sentence adding unnecessary words. Then rewrite the sentence eliminating the words that are not needed. Explain why the corrected sentence is correct.