School Start Times Research Documents

Use these non-fiction texts to gather information to support the claim that Stout Middle School should start at 9:00 a.m.


“What Makes You Tick: Circadian Rhythms” by OxfordSparks (Oxford University) on Youtube

“Sleepless No More in Seattle: Later School Start Times Pay Off for Teens” by Patti Neighmond, National Public Radio

“California Pushes Back School Start Times for Middle School and High School Students” by Harmeet Kaur, CNN


“When Sleep Becomes a Nightmare” by Matthew Hutson, Scholastic Choices Magazine (see timeline, and Dos/Don’ts)

“Four Simple Steps to get You Back to Sleep” by the Cleveland Health Clinic

“How to Fall Asleep in 10, 60, or 120 Seconds” by Healthline see section on “Military Method,” by Sharon Ackerman


“Teenage Sleep Patterns” by

“Schools Start too Early” by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

“Ten Tips to Beat Insomnia” by the British National Health Service (NHS)


“Generation Zzzzzzzz” by Michelle Crouch, for Scholastic Choices magazine

“Here’s What Happens When School Starts Later” by Casey Andersen for the National Education Association, NEA

“Later School Start Times Promote Adolescent Well-Being” by American Psychological Association

“Letting Teens Sleep in Would Save the Country Roughly $9 Billion a Year” by Christopher Ingraham, The Washington Post on Newsela

“Teens and Sleep: Why You Need it and How to Get Enough” by National Institutes of Health, or NIH

Article Against Later Start Times

“Eight Major Obstacles to Delaying School Start Times” by the National Sleep Foundation

“Parents, Educators: Later High School Start Times Yield Mixed Results” by Alexandra Pannoni, U.S. News and World Report

“Despite Proven Benefits, Starting School Later Remains a ‘Tough Sell’ “ by Tim Walker, of the National Education Association

“The Pros and Cons of Starting High School Later” by Amy Morin, Licensed clinical social worker

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