Posted in World History

9.3 Vocab (Last ones for Chapter 9!)

40. Middle Ages: time of European changes from about A.D. 500-1450.

41. Obey: to follow orders

42. Taxes: money paid to the government

43. Repair: fix

44. Merchants: people who buy, sell, and trade

45. Literature: written stories that are lasting

46. The past: time that is done, history

47. Dark Ages: hard years in Europe with no education or safety

48. developed: created, made

49. warrior: soldier, fighter

50. Charlemagne (shar la main): warrior who united all of Western Europe together

51. Pope: the head of the Roman Catholic Church

52. invaders: people who try to take over land

53. Vikings: sailors, invaders from North Europe

54. Explorers: travelers looking for new land

55. tribe: a group of people with similar customs

56. influence: power and effects on someone

57. Normans: tribe that ruled England and left new culture and languages

Posted in U.S. History

25.2-25.3 Vocab

  1. agricultural: farming
  2. surplus: an extra amount of something
  3. stabilize: bring back to normal
  4. insurance: a plan that protects against loss in return for regular (monthly, yearly) payments
  5. moratorium: the legal act of delaying something
  6. landslide: to win the election by a lot of votes
  7. oath: promise
  8. crisis: a huge problem
  9. New Deal: FDR’s plan to beat the Depression
  10. recovery: beating a problem
  11. prohibited: to prevent by law
  12. flooding: damage from lots of water
  13. erosion: to go bad by nature
  14. mural: an artistic painting or drawing on a wall
  15. disabled: having a mental or physical problem
  16. security: safety
  17. Liberal: one who favors change
  18. occupation: a person’s job or line of work
  19. union: a group of workers who fight for and look out for each other
  20. traditional: the usual way of doing things
Posted in Economics

Econ Vocab–The last of Chapter 1

  1. Economists: person that studies economic systems
  2. choices: options, alternatives
  3. trade-off: a different option for something
  4. expertise: something you’re great at
  5. opportunity cost: the cost of the 2nd best alternative use of money, time, or resources.
  1. maximum: most
  2. Production Possibilities Frontier (PPF): a graph that represents the maximum amount of goods and/or services an economy can produce when using all its good resources.
  1. output: products that are made
  2. economic model: an easier way to read using graphs, charts, or drawings.
  1. constant: always
  2. solution: answer to a problem
  3. free enterprise economy: economic system where private businesses have freedom to work for profit with limited government interference (like U.S.A.)
  1. profit: the extra money that you make
  2. standard of living: quality of life
Posted in World History

9.2 Vocabulary

  1. monk الراهب: A member of a religious order
  2. religious order – النظام الديني: group of monks who work and live together
  3. Cyrillic alphabet الأبجدية السيريلية: Slavic language invented by the monks
  4. ceremony الاحتفال: a special event
  5. isolated معزولة: alone
  6. Eastern Orthodox الأرثوذكس الشرقية: official language of Russia in 989 A.D.
  7. Kiev كييف: old capital of Russia; important trade city
  8. prince الأمير: a male ruler (usually son of a king)
  9. boyar بويار: A Russian noble who owned land.
  10. Veche فيش: Russian assembly for adult men
  11. unify توحيد: to bring together (unite)
  12. Mongol المنغول: somebody from Mongolia
  13. Moscow موسكو: the capital of Russia today
  14. symbol الرمز: a sign to represent something
  15. Kremlin الكرملين: the center of the Russian church and Russian government
  16. palace القصر: a large beautiful building
  17. czar (zar) سزار: Russian ruler; it means “Caesar”
  18. terrible فظيعة: mean, awful, and cruel
Posted in U.S. History

25.1 Vocabulary

U.S. History: Ch. 25 Vocab

  1. stock market: Where stocks and bonds are traded
  2. economy: the way money is made and spent
  3. unemployed: no job or money
  4. layoffs: letting workers go because the company cannot afford them
  5. savings: money that you save over time
  6. depression: a period during which business, employment, and stock-market values decline severely or remain at a very low level of activity
  7. federal government: combination of state and national governments
  8. charity: a group that helps those in need
  9. loan payments: paying back money that you owe a little at a time
  10. overproduction: Producing too many goods that you can’t sell
  11. credit: buying something and paying for it later
  12. debt: money that you owe
  13. tariff: tax on imported goods
  14. goods: items that are bought and traded
  15. survival: to stay alive
  16. invest: to spend money on
  17. breadlines: a place where people could get free food
  18. concerned: worried
  19. financial: having to do with money
  20. Hoovervilles: slums homeless people lived in during the Great Depression
Posted in Economics


Vocab is HUGE in Economics!  You need to constantly practice reading, writing, speaking, and hearing them.  Use them in example sentences.  Translate as you need!

If you have not done so already, sign up for my REMIND app.

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Posted in Economics

Econ Chapter 1.2 Vocab Terms

  1. command: a want
  2. good: a product that is useful, kind of scarce, and transferable to others
  3. consumer goods: goods intended for final use by people
  4. consumers: people who use or consume goods to satisfy their wants and needs
  5. durable good: lasts for at least 3 years
  6. nondurable good: lasts fewer than 3 years
  7. service: work/labor performed by someone
  8. value: worth in terms of dollars
  9. market: place where buyers and sellers exchange
  10. monetary: having to do with money
  11. paradox of value: contradiction between essential items and nonessential items
  12. utility: useful and provide satisfaction
  13. exchange: a trade
  14. wealth: having a lot of money
  15. funds: money
  16. economic growth: increase in a nation’s total output of goods and services over time.
  17. productivity: how well something does or sells
  18. specialization: to focus and be good at one thing
  19. human capital: the sum of people’s skills, health, knowledge, and motivation
  20. economic interdependence: when 2 or more businesses or countries need each other to make money
Posted in U.S. History

24.3 and 24.4 Vocab Terms!

  1. Original: one of a kind
  2. Improvised: to make up as you go along
  3. Spiritual: a religious song
  4. Concerned: worried, afraid
  5. Capture: Catch
  6. Shocked: Very Surprised
  7. Poet: a person who writes poems
  8. Impact: Effect
  9. Noble: Honorable
  10. foolish: stupid
  11. disappoint: to hope for something and it does not happen
  12. boll weevil: an insect that destroys crops سوسة
  13. deny: refuse رفض
  14. suspicious: not trusting مشكوك فيه
  15. foreigners: people from a place other than America أجانب
  16. Ku Klux Klan: a racist group of Whites who feared African Americans, Jews, Catholics and immigrants
  17. Catholics & Protestants: two different groups of Christianity
  18. democracy: a type of government where citizens choose the president
  19. Communism: a type of country where the government owns all the land and there are less freedoms for people
  20. Crime: breaking laws جريمة
  21. violence: killing and hurting people عنف
  22. Reformers: people who want to improve society الإصلاحيون
  23. independent: depending only on yourself
  24. discrimination: treating people bad because of their race or religion
  25. 18th amendment (Prohibition): made the selling of alcohol illegal in the United States
  26. ban: to prohibit (to make something illegal)
  27. bootlegger: a person who made and sold alcohol illegally
  28. speakeasy: an illegal place where alcohol was sold
  29. 21st amendment: canceled the 18th amendment
Posted in World History

9.1 Vocab Terms

Chapter 9.1 Vocab Terms

  1. Byzantine Empire : eastern Roman empire in Middle Ages
  2. Constantinople القسطنطينية: “New Rome”, capital of Byzantine Empire
  3. capital city العاصمة: the most important government city in a country
  4. chariot عربة :- two wheeled wagon pulled by a horse
  5. repair يصلح: to fix
  6. Slavs: a group of people who lived in Eastern Europe
  7. church كنيسة: a place where Christians pray
  8. relic أثر مقدس: an object from the past that had relates to God
  9. holy مقدس: following God’s ways
  10. saints القديسين: holy people, those who follow God’s ways
  11. Justinian: a great Byzantine emperor
  12. barbaric متوحش: not civilized; no government
  13. tribe قبيلة: a group of people who live together
  14. principle مبدأ: a main idea
  15. legal system نظام قانوني: a set of laws
  16. goods بضائع: things that are bought and sold
  17. patriarch زعيم المسيحي: A leader of a church
  18. icon رموز: small picture of a saint or Jesus
  19. riot احتجاجات: violence in a crowd of people
  20. Ottoman Empire الإمبراطورية العثمانية: modern day land of Turkey
  21. decay فساد: to become worse
Posted in Economics

Econ Chapter 1.1 Vocab

Economics Vocab — Chapter 1.1

1. economics: dealing with more wants and less resources

2. scarcity: little or few resources

3. need: required for basic survival

4. want: something we like but don’t need

5. land: natural places

6. capital: tools, equipment, and factories used to produce goods

7. labor: work/production

8. entrepreneur: someone who starts a business

9. Gross Domestic Product (GDP):dollar value of a country’s goods and services within 1 year

10. community: area or group of people

11. satisfied: happy with what you have

12. resource: something that’s available for use

13. produce: to make

14. equipment: helps do work

15. skills: abilities/what you can do

16. economy: the way money is made and used

17. employee: a person who works for money

18. employer: the business who hires workers

19. analysis: a deep study of something

20. explanation: to teach or make known

21. prediction: to think ahead

22. income: money that is made by a person