Final Study Guide





Long term/ short term causes of WWI

Powder Keg

Schlieffen Plan- What was it ?

Total War

How and When did WWI end?

What’s an armistice?

What were the fourteen Points? Who came up with them? Why/ What was their purpose?

Which nation lost the most troops?

What was the Treaty of Versailles and its consequences?

What was the War Guilt Clause?

What was the purpose of trench warfare?

Who were the two sides at war ? How did these sides change later into WWI?

Define Rationing and explain why this system was used

What is propaganda and how did it influence WWI?

What is self- determination and who felt this was essential during the post war process?

What countries were excluded from the Council  discussing the Treaty of Versailles

Western and Eastern Fronts- Who/why/ where/ how

define unrestricted submarine warfare

which factors (long and short term) led to the U.S. officially entering the War?

What was the purpose of the League of Nations?

Who were the “Big Four”  who met at the Paris Peace Conference?

Effects of WWI on the Ottoman Empire

post war Germany

What was the U.S. government’s eventual stance on the Treaty of Versailles?


Propaganda and its purpose

Post WWI

Congress of Vienna ( Effects)

Alliances formed prior  to WWI

Short term/ long term causes of WWI

Berlin Conference

Sepoy Mutiny

Boxer Rebellion

Forms of Imperialism

Causes and effects of the Industrial Revolution

Inventions during the Industrial revolution( England)

  1. Autocratic Rule
  2. The Russo-Japanese War
  3. Industrializes
  4. Bloody Sunday: The Revolution of
  5. Duma
  6. WWI
  7. Czar Nicholas II
  8. Rasputin
  9. March Revolution 1917
  10. The Czar Steps Down
  11. Provisional govt
  12. The Bolshevik Revolution
  13. Civil War Rages in Russia
  14. Lenin
  15. NEP
  16. Stalin ( 5 year plan) collectivization


WWII 1939-1945 

Treaty of Versailles ­– War Guilt clause 

Weak League of Nations- no enforcement (Ethiopia( Italy) Rhineland , Czechoslovakia ( Germany)

 Appeasement: To give in.  The League of Nations appeased Germany.

Rise of Dictators

(Economic) The Great Depression

Munich agreement:  The agreement signed between Hitler and L.O.N that Germany will not take any more land.

Poland:  Germany will invade it and the ALLIES (Great Britain and France) will declare war.

Blitzkrieg: Lightning war – Germany’s strategy

Dictator : An absolute ruler – Hitler, Mussolini, Stalin , Tojo

Germany: Nazi country during WWII

Holocaust: Millions of Jews were killed by Nazi Germany

Allies: Great Britain, U.S., (Russia ) Soviet Union

Axis: Germany, Italy, Japan

Non – Aggression Pact – Germany & Russia

Stalingrad: Battle in which Russia will defeat Germany

Pearl Harbor:  U.S. Naval base where the Japanese attacked the U.S.  This will bring the U.S. into WWII.

Kamikaze:  Japanese Suicide soldiers

Atomic bomb: Used by U.S. to bomb Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan. Cut human and financial costs/ proved a point to Russia not to mess with the U.S.

Superpowers: Great/ strong countries. The U.S. and  Soviet Union will emerge from WWII as superpowers.



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