INCA PLAY LINES AS OF 6-2-16
S: Good evening! Miss Nellie’s Class will be presenting the Incas. Ameer Kayed and I, Sukayna Bazzi will be your narrators. The Incas were in western South America. They started in ancient Peru, near the Andes Mountains in the 1200s.
A: Some of what you will hear today is considered a myth, while other information is considered to be real.
S: The Incan gods and goddesses being presented are: Inti, Mama Quilla, Pachamama, Copacati, Chasca, Mama Kuka, Manco Capac, Mamma Oclla, Axomamma, and Mama Cocha.
A: Here are the gods and goddesses!
Gods and Goddesses Play Lines
Inti: Mamma Quilla, why am I so lonely?
Mama Quilla: Well, Inti, there is nobody on Earth that needs you right now.
Inti: My dear wife, that is ridiculous! I am the great Sun god!
Mamma Q: Why don’t you focus on another part of the Earth to start a new empire of people?
Inti: Great idea, Mamma Quilla! Let’s get the Earth goddess, Pachamama, to assist with this endeavor.
Pachamama: Hello, Inti and Mamma Quilla! How may I assist you?
Inti: We want to start a new nation of people. Where do you recommend we should start this nation?
Pachamama: I have the perfect location. This empire will be in South America on the west side along the Andes Mountains.
Mamma Q.: That is a terrific locaton, Pachamama! Don’t you agree, Inti?
Inti: Go ahead and get started. We’ll see how that works out.
Mamma Q.: Since I am the moon goddess I will allow the people to see at night most of the time. However, my size appears to change and sometimes in a month I reflect more light than other times.
Pachamama: Very good, Mamma Quilla. Also the people can use the moon to help with their calendar.
[ Inti and Mama Q leave the stage.]
Pachamama: Let me think what kind of guidance will these people need? People need to be happy so I will call on goddess Mama Kuka.
Mama Kuka: Hello Pachamama, How can I help you?
Pachamama: Inti is going to create humans called Incas because Inca means children of Inti, the sun god. We will need to make sure his human children are happy.
Mama Kuka: You came to the right goddess! For I am the goddess of health and joy!
I will make the first coca plant that will reproduce itself many times over. [Look to the audience and say – “You know how chocolate makes everyone happy!”] [ Give a big smile and pull out a Hershey bar.]
Mama Kuka: Pachamama, aren’t you also goddess of the lakes?
Pachamama: Yes, I am the goddess of all nature. I will make a lake in the center of this new nation called Lake Titicaca. Mama Cocha can also watch over this Lake.
Mama Cocha: I would be happy to help, since I am the goddess of the Sea. I will make sure Lake Titicaca is supplied with fish for the new civilization to eat.
Mama Cocha: I will also help by making sure Lake Titicaca is supplied with an abundance of fish for the new civilization to eat.
Axomamma: Hello, I am the goddess of farmers and especially the goddess of potatoes. I will give this new nation 40 different kinds of potatoes.
Copacati: Axomamma, you are quite generous.
Axomamma: Thank you! I will also give you corn, avocados, beans, peppers, squash, cashews and peanuts.
Chasca: Hello, I am Chasca, the goddess of dawn and twilight, and the protector of the young.
Mama Kuka: Protection for the young is very necessary. Thank you for working with us on this adventure, Chasca.
Chasca: My pleasure. Oh, here comes Inti and Mama Quilla.
Inti: It appears that all of you goddesses have prepared very well for my new humans.
Mama Quilla: Yes, I love what you all have done.
Inti: Ok, let’s make humans. They will be called Inca. Inca means the child of the son god, Inti, which is me.
Inti: My dear children, Manco Capac and Mama Oclla, I need you to go to Western South America to find a location with fertile soil. Take this golden rod and it will sink when it is at the exact right place!
Manco C.: Ok, so it will sink just where you want your new kingdom to be.
Inti: Manco Capac, you will also need to civilize these people. You teach the men how to provide for their families.
Mama Quilla: Mama Oclla, you teach the women how to weave, make clothes and take care of their homes.
Mama Oclla: Yes, Manco!! Bye, Dad.
(After moving from place to place, they found the right place)
Mama Oclla: Manco, let’s put the rod here.
Manco: It sunk!!!
A: Mama Oclla and Manco Capac found the perfect location that Inti wanted to start the Incas.
S: It was in what we know as Peru today.
A: Since the Incas didn’t have a written language, most of what we know about them is told from stories. You know how family stories are told and get past down.
S: They also used Quipas to take notes. Quipas are strings that people put in knots. These knots represent specific things to the person creating the quipa. For example, one blue string might have two knots which represents a crop of 20. This all depends on what the maker of the knot wants the knot to mean.
A: Here are the farmers! Farmers used quipas to count the amount of animals and crops that they had.
Inca Farmers and the Miner’s Play Lines
Medina = Anahuarque; Hadi = Apo – Mayta; Daniel = Auqui Maita
Medina: Have you seen the alpacas and llamas? You know the most important animal to the Incas is the llama!!!
Hadi: I saw one, but not the rest.
Daniel: I led our llamas and alpacas to the enclosed farm area because it started to rain. The guinea pigs are already inside.
Medina: Ok, Great job! Now let’s go there to count how many we have.
Hadi : Red is for the alpacas. Each knot will represent 5 animals.
Daniel: Green is for the guinea pigs.
Medina: Blue is for the llamas.
Hadi: We have 15 alpacas
Daniel: There are 10 guinea pigs.
Medina: There are 35 llamas altogether.
Daniel: What are these animals used for?
Hadi: The llamas are used to help with farm work by carrying heavy things. Sometimes they go very long distances. They also give us their wool.
Daniel: The llama is cousin to the camel. But llamas do not have a hump.
Hadi: The body of a llama stores water just like a camel in order to travel long distances without needing water.
Medina: Llamas are also valuable for their wool. Llama wool in course and used for common people’s clothing. Alpacas have softer wool which is used for royalty.
Daniel: It is time for you to go, son!
Hadi: I know. Each family must send one member to be a miner. I will go for our family.
Medina: Thank you, son.
Daniel: I’ll come to help you pack. Page 5
A: Travelers called chasqui were messengers that ran where they were told by the emperor at the time.
S: Emperors were called a Sapa Inca.
A: The Sapa Inca wanted to figure out a census.
S: A census is the number of whatever is being counted.
A: Sometimes, it would be for areas. The census could also be used to find out what material goods were around, such as crops, animal, silver and gold.
S: If the areas were a long distance several messengers would go and relay to get this information.
Glenn: I was made a messenger, known as chasqui. I was selected due to my long legs. Messengers need to get to places quickly in order to deliver verbal information.
Omar: I was chosen due to my strength. We keep track of what we see with quipus. Quipus are strings that are tied together like this. [Show a quipu.]
Glenn: We tie knots to the strings. Each string has a color. Each color has a special meaning. We bring this information to the Sapa Inca and tell him what the quipus mean.
Omar: Come on we must get going.
Glenn: I’ll meet you at the top of the mountain.
[Relay run and pass the quipus back and forth.]
S: How do we know so much about the Incas?
A: We know information from stories that were passed down from generations of Incan descendants.
A: Also, archeologists have studied the ancient ruins of the lost city of Machu Picchu and have found many skeletons and maps.
S: Oh yes, I remember reading about the famous archeologist, Hiram Bingham, and how he rediscovered the lost city of Machu Picchu along with information about the Incan Empire.
S: Among his discoveries, he found some skeletons than have been fractured due to warfare. Unfortunately, all civilizations experience fighting of some sorts. [Shaking your head]
SECTION 4 – EXPEDITIONS
Alfreda Mitchell: Hiram, I have some money that I inherited from my wealthy family of the Tiffany Jewelry Fortune. I don’t have a cause to spend it on.
Hiram Bingham: If you wish to lend me some money to take my expedition to South America that would be very helpful.
Alfreda Mitchell: I suppose I could lend you some money.
May I ask what you are going to do there?
Hiram Bingham: I will travel to Cuzco, a small settlement in Peru. My expedition party and I will be looking for ruins high in the Andes Mountains. We hope to find out more about the Ancient Inca Civilization.
Alfreda Mitchell: That sounds very interesting. I hope you are successful on your journey to the South.
[Alfreda helped Hiram to pack for his trip.]
Alfreda: Safe trip, Hiram and expeditioners! I’ll be busy with our 7 children at home.
Expeditioner: Now we are in South America. Mr. Bingham, we have found a local farmer’s wife here to tell you something about the area.
Hiram Bingham: Ok, we will see what she knows.
Medina = “There are extensive ruins, high in the mountains nearby. It is near my farm. This land is called Machu Picchu, meaning ‘old mountain.”
Expeditioner: The farmer said that we have to climb up to the ruins. I don’t think we will find any ruins there.
[No one else in Bingham’s party showed any interest.]
Bingham: Come on, let’s go!
Bingham: There it is! I found Machu Picchu!!! Page 8
A: In 1533, the Inca civilization dissolved after years of fighting the Spanish conquistadors.
S: Francisco Pizarro was the main reason that the civilization broke down.
A: If it weren’t for him, perhaps the Incas would have lived a little longer.
S: There were approximately 19 Sapa Incas.
A: Some of the most important ones were:
S: Atahualpa, Manco Capac,
A: Inca Roca, Pachacuti
S: Sinchi Roca, Tupac Amaru
A: Viracocha Inca, and YawarWaqaq.
S: The Spanish arrived in 1532.
Sawyer= Francisco Pizarro
Hani =Diego De Almagro
Rawan=Antonella the Spanish soldier and the queen of Spain
Pizarro= My majesty, may I please go of to Peru for a 3rd time?
Queen=Why what are you looking for in Peru?
Pizarro=El Dorado, which has much gold.
Queen= You, certainly have my permission, as long as you bring me back your treasures.
Diego= Sir I’ve spotted land.
Atahualpa= Messenger deliver this message to those people who landed in Tumbas, we will invite them to our palace for a dinner.
Glenn (messenger)= Certainly Atahualpa, it shall be done.
Francisco Pizarro= We offer to teach you Christianity while we are here.
Atahualpa= Why thank you but no we will practice our own religious beliefs.
Diego=Now men we must make are way up the Andes to attack those strange people this battle will be known as Cajamarca, charge!
Diego= Look it’s Atahualpa! Antonella grab him he will be ransom for their gold and silver. We will give the riches to the queen because El Dorado was a myth.
Inca army= Quick men we must save Atahualpa from those men.
Diego=Hold him captive, Antonella!
Pizarro= We can do this men keep hanging in there.
Antonella=Good job men the day has been a victory!
Pizarro=Diego take Atahualpa to our camp. I will deliver my demand to those people myself.
Diego=Sir, it shall be done
Matthew, Inca army leader= Fine we shall meet your demands just give back our leader please.
Pizarro=Gold & Silver first.
Matthew=Here is your gold and silver give me Atahualpa.
[Other helpers help bring in the gold & silver.]
Pizarro=Diego grab the prisoner now.
Pizarro=Let’s go men our work is done
the queen shall be pleased.
Queen= Pizarro you have done well.
S: After a little over 300 years, the Inca empire dissolved.
A: Francisco Pizarro died on June 26, 1541 at age 70. Hiram Bingham died in1956 at age 80.
S: The Inca Empire can still be visited today, in South America.
A: Very few still follow the Incan culture.
S: The Incas might not be here anymore, but there are still many stories to learn about them today. Page 11